The International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB) , 2022
The United Nations has proclaimed May 22 The International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB) to increase understanding and awareness of biodiversity issues. When first created by the Second Committee of the UN General Assembly in late 1993, 29 December (the date of entry into force of the Convention of Biological Diversity), was designated The International Day for Biological Diversity.
In December 2000, the UN General Assembly adopted 22 May as IDB, to commemorate the adoption of the text of the Convention on 22 May 1992 by the Nairobi Final Act of the Conference for the Adoption of the Agreed Text of the Convention on Biological Diversity. This was partly done because it was difficult for many countries to plan and carry out suitable celebrations for the date of 29 December, given the number of holidays that coincide around that time of year.
The theme for IDB 2022 is “Building a shared future for all life”.
Biodiversity is a fundamental element of the earth’s life support system and is the basis for all ecosystem services and thus plays a fundamental role in maintaining and enhancing the world’s human population as it supports many basic natural services for human wellbeing for example fresh water, fertile soils and clean air.
Furthermore, biodiversity contributes significantly to the attainment of the sustainable development challenges. From nature-based solutions to climate, health issues, food and water security, and sustainable livelihoods, biodiversity is the foundation upon which we can build back better. Most importantly we need to live in harmony with nature because destroying nature is threat to the existence of human being on this planet.
The global community, under the leadership of Uganda and Canada is developing a post2020 global biodiversity framework to galvanize urgent and transformation action by Governments and all of society to reduce or reverse loss of biodiversity. This will entail among others valuing, restoring, conserving, wisely utilizing biodiversity and equitability sharing benefits arising from utilization of genetic resources..
Uganda like most countries in the world is faced with a number challenges which are leading to biodiversity loss and these include: agricultural expansion, urban area expansion, unsustainable timber and wood fuel extraction, increasing human population, inadequate enforcement among others. To address these challenges Government has undertaken the following a strategy for building a shared future for all life on earth:
a) restore the forest and wetland cover to the 1990 levels and this is a commitment in the National Vision 2040 and National Development Plan (NDP) III.
b) to improve forest cover from 12.5% in 2020/21 to 15% in 2024/25, and national wetland coverage from 9.08% in 2020/21 to 9.57% in 2024/25.
c) gazette and declare some of Uganda’s wetlands as a Protected Areas
d) revise the management plans for central forest reserves in Uganda to enhance biodiversity conservation.
e) Scaling up the restoration efforts by implementing the Ten Year Action Plan for Restoration of Environment and Natural Resources 2021-2031. This is in line with the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration 2021 -2030.
f) Strengthening enforcement. The National Environment Act of 2019 provides establishment of Environmental Protection Force (EPF). Government is in advanced stages to enacting regulations for the establishment of EPF
g) Government is to promote greening of cities and urban areas a strategy to integrating biodiversity conservation in urban development. Green spaces in urban areas not only promotes biodiversity conservation but is also good for human health such as provision of clean air, clean water among others.