Integrating Natural Capital into Sustainable Decision-Making in Uganda

In order to extend Uganda’s current national accounting system to better consider biodiversity related natural capital, the National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA), the National Planning Authority (NPA) and Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBoS), with support from the UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and Institute for the Development of Environmental-Economic Accounting (IDEEA Group) are implementing the project: Integrating Natural Capital into Sustainable Development Decision-Making in Uganda.

The project is being funded by the UK Darwin Initiative and will be completed in March 2021. The project directly responds to demands to extend Uganda’s capacity for natural capital accounting, and build complementary analytical capacity amongst public decision makers, and other users, to employ this new evidence base in support of integrated economic and land-use planning and policy.

The project builds on a strong foundation in Natural Capital Accounting in Uganda, including: work by NEMA and the UN-REDD program on forest accounting; the NFA biomass study; Water accounting underway at UBoS; and, recent work on Ecosystem Accounting progressed with UNEP-WCMC and IDEEA in 2017.

The ultimate objective of the project is to support the delivery of green growth in Uganda that contributes to poverty alleviation, wealth creation and meeting biodiversity goals. As such, the project directly supports the delivery of the Ugandan National Development Plan, Green Growth Development Strategy and NBSAP. The work also supports international commitments to integrate the values of biodiversity-related natural capital in decision-making (e.g. Aichi Target 2, SDG Target 15.9, and as an associate member of the Gaborone Declaration for Sustainability in Africa). In this regard, the project is designed to help deliver on the ambitions set out in Uganda’s National Plan for Advancing Environmental-Economic Accounting (NP-AEEA), developed as part of a coordinated effort between UBOS, United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), NPA, NEMA and other Ministries, Departments and Agencies. It complements existing initiatives by ensuring biodiversity elements become a concrete component of Uganda’s regular environmental accounting
process.