Floods in parts of Uganda
In the recent days, Uganda has experienced beyond normal rainfall that unfortunately resulted in loss of lives and destruction of property; and also brought businesses and livelihoods to a standstill. The rains caused extreme landslides and flooding in parts of Western and Eastern Uganda.
This extreme weather has been attributed to the Indian Ocean Dipole, which refers to the difference in sea-surface temperatures in opposite parts of the Indian Ocean.
Temperatures in the eastern part of the ocean oscillate between warm and cold compared with the western part, cycling through phases referred to as "positive", "neutral" and "negative".
The dipole's positive phase this year - the strongest for six decades - means warmer sea temperatures in the western Indian Ocean region, with the opposite in the east.
The result of this unusually strong positive dipole this year has been higher-than-average rainfall and floods in eastern Africa and droughts in south-east Asia and Australia.
Follow Links below for how the events have been covered in both local and international media